The people: an extraordinary ethnic diversity
Cameroon has an extraordinary mixture of populations with more than 240 tribes which are found in three main ethnic groups; Bantus, Semi-Bantus and Sudanese. The number of national languages spoken in the country is more than 240. The most notable tribes are:
- BANTUS: Beti, Bassa, Bakundu, Maka, Douala, Pygmies
- SEMI-BANTUS: Bamileke, Gbaya, Bamoun, Tikar...
- SUDANESE: Fulbe, Mafa, Toupouri, Shoa-Arabs, Moundang, Massa, Mousgoum.
French and English are the official languages, which are spoken by 70% and 30% of the population respectively. Spanish and German are equally spoken by a few city-dwellers.
Cameroon is a secular state. Two major religions have followers ; Christianity and Islam. Animism is also widely practised.
Religious: Good Friday, Easter, Ascension, Pentecost, Assumption, Christmas, End of Muslim Fasting, Feast of the Ram.
Secular: New Year, Youth Day (11th February), Labour Day (1st May), National Day (20th May).